Beaded Picture of the Temple of Solomon

Object Name: 
Beaded Picture of the Temple of Solomon

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Object Name: 
Beaded Picture of the Temple of Solomon
Accession Number: 
2000.3.3
Dimensions: 
Overall: H: 83.4 cm, W: 84.3 cm, D: 4.2 cm
Location: 
Not on Display
Date: 
about 1790
Web Description: 
Little is known of the history of French needlework, especially that which was made by amateurs. What is identified is often from work produced for the king or the church, which was inextricably tied to the sovereign through the end of the Bourbon monarchy. There is documentary evidence of an embroidery guild, and many embroiderers worked for the nobility in France. Much needlework was created for furnishings and costumes related to the royal family. Unfortunately, there is little documentation concerning the schools for girls that were probably teaching the art of embroidery and beadwork in France, especially in the 17th and 18th centuries. In the 17th century, Ursuline nuns established a school in Quebec where they taught embroidery to American Indian girls. As a result, French style greatly influenced the embroidery and beadwork designs of American Indians in the Woodlands and Great Lakes regions. Presumably, this tradition of schooling young girls in embroidery came from the Continent. This beadwork presents the facade of a large building. There is a butterfly in the top left corner above the roof of the building, and various geometric patterns appear on the vertical edges, with a centrally placed cross amid the designs. The date and the place where this picture was made are beaded at the top, and the maker added her name at the bottom. This signifies that the picture was probably created by an amateur; professionals were less apt to sign their needlework. The entire image is beaded in minuscule glass seed beads, including the background in transparent colorless beads, and the sky is exceptionally rendered in a variety of opaque colored beads. The delicacy of the design and the skill required to work with such small beads make this an outstanding example of 18th-century French needlework.
Department: 
Provenance: 
Mallett & Son (Antiques) Ltd., Source
2000-03-07
Category: 
Technique: 
Material: 
Inscription: 
FAIT.CAUDEbECLES.ELbEUF.L'AN 1790 / FAIT . PAR . DESIRE . DULONG
label
Woven top / bottom
Primary Description: 
Beaded Picture of the Temple of Solomon. Transparent to opaque multicolored glass beads; woven. Almost square shape with illustration of four-story house with red roof, five columns flank central doors of ground floor. Written above "FAIT. CAUDE bEC.LES.ELbEUF. L'AN 1790" and below "FAIT. PAR. DESIRE. DULONG". Gilded wood frame.
Venue(s)
Corning Museum of Glass 2013-05-18 through 2014-01-05
For 30,000 years, mankind has crafted beads from natural materials. With the discovery of glassmaking in the second millennium B.C., glass began to be used for this same purpose. Glass beads are universal. They have been produced throughout the 35 centuries of glass manufacturing, and by nearly every culture in the world. The glass beads and beaded objects on view in this exhibition are arranged thematically, comparing the manner in which diverse cultures have utilized beads, frequently for the same purposes, but sometimes for unique reasons. These themes explore how glass beads adorn the body and our possessions; how they convey messages about power and wealth, and identify the stages of human life; how they serve ritual purposes, as well as decorate clothing and objects used in rituals; and how they have been employed across the centuries as a means of exchange, both commercial and cultural. Through the centuries, beads have been made using a variety of processes. Understanding how beads were made has allowed scholars to follow the transmission of beads and beadmaking techniques across the globe. Across time and around the world, glass beads have become a common element of mankind. Through their manufacture and function, they are one of the strings that bind humanity together. “Life on a String” celebrates this common bond while also revealing the distinctiveness of different societies through their use of glass beads to celebrate their unique cultural heritage.
Glass Beads: Selections from The Corning Museum of Glass (2013) illustrated, pp. 28-29, no. 16; BIB# 134720
Treasures from the Corning Museum of Glass 2013 (2012-12) illustrated, p. 11; BIB# 133170
Recent Important Acquisitions, 43 (2001) illustrated, p. 204, fig. 24; BIB# AI53002