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Biography: Corinne Doria

Name: 
Corinne Doria

Dr. Corinne Doria is a recipient of the 2019 Rakow Grant for Glass Research and will focus her research on a major turning point in the history of eyeglasses that has been insufficiently studied: the period from the second half of the 19th century to the 1950s. During this time, ophthalmology developed as a medical specialty and led to a scientific understanding of the most common visual aberrations; there were major technical advances, including the invention of cylindrical and plano-cylindrical lenses for astigmatism; and there was a growing demand for visual aids.

Doria describes her project as “the first comprehensive work on the history of [the] eyeglass industry apprehended from an interdisciplinary and comparative perspective.” Doria says she “will consider two main questions: (1) the creation of an international market of eyeglasses, with the appearance of an international division of labor, optical companies, and production and trade regulations; (2) the individualization of the profession of opticians, with the creation of the first professional associations and of a specialized press.”

Doria is a historian of medicine, specializing in the history of ophthalmology in the 19th and 20th centuries. She teaches modern history at Paris-Sorbonne University and at SciencesPo in Paris. She earned her doctorate in that field from Paris 1 – Panthéon-Sorbonne University and the University of Milan.

Since 2016, she has been studying the history of ophthalmology and visual impairment in France, Great Britain, and the United States between 1850 and 1950. Her work analyzes the scientific and technological evolution of eye care in a social and cultural context, to provide a better understanding of the manner in which scientific progress relates to eyesight.